I have to say thanks to Jason Maasson from Frije Universiteit Amsterdam for his excellent script and slides. I've translated most of the slides and added some graphics and text.
I would also like to thank Marshall Brain, founder of "www.howstuffworks.com" for his wonderful article on "How C Programming Works" which explains also the c-runtime environment.
And last but not least Steven Simpson from Lancaster University for pointing out the differences between both languages on a few excellent pages.
Look at the resource section at the end for links.